Tezos: Complete Guide to The Blockchain and Staking Tezos

Introduction to the Tezos Blockchain

Designed in 2014 but going live in 2018, Tezos is a blockchain made to support and process smart contracts, describing itself as a self-amending crypto ledger. Initially developed by Arthur Breitman and his wife Kathleen, the project went through various hardships due to disagreements between them and Johann Gevers, president of the Tezos Foundation. The Foundation oversees the grants, marketing, strategic collaborations, and other promotions related to the Tezos ecosystem. The company was able to raise $232 million in July 2017 through Initial Coin Offering (ICO), which allows teams to raise funds for projects.

Introduction to the Tezos blockchain

Key Takeaway

  • The Tezos blockchain describes itself as a self-amending crypto ledger that uses a Proof of Stake system variation.
  • Its smart contracts are written with the Michelson and OCaml programming languages, and its cryptocurrency is XTZ.
  • Token holders can delegate their accounts to validators or delegation services (bakers), who will be in charge of baking and endorsing the blocks in their stead.
  • Becoming a delegate requires 8000 Tezos
  • The token holders do not need to transfer ownership of their tokens when delegating their validation rights.

How Tezos works

Similar to other blockchains, Tezos is a platform for developing and running dApps (decentralized applications) and exchanging assets. Here smart contracts are written using the Michelson and OCaml programming languages, and transactions are performed using the Tezos cryptocurrency (XTZ). The usage of formal verification in Tezos smart contracts allows those to be mathematically validated, dependable, and safe.

Tezos’ Proof of Stake system is a mixture of several ideas, making it somewhat similar to Delegated Proof of Stake and Liquid Proof of Stake. The blocks are mined by random stakeholders (miners) and contain several signatures from random stakeholders (the signers) of the previous block. Both mining and signing are rewarded but require a one-cycle (2048 blocks) safety deposit which will be forfeited if double mining/signing occurs. A random seed is created at the start of each cycle, using numbers that block miners selected and committed to in the second to last cycle and disclosed in the previous one. Then a “follow the coin” strategy is used with the random seed to distribute mining and signing rights to a particular address for the next cycle.

What is Tezos Baking?

What is Tezos Baking?

Baking refers to the process of “creating” new blocks. To become a delegate and run the network by baking and endorsing (“agreeing” on a baker’s block), a participant needs to hold over 8000 Tezos. Also, if a participant does not meet the required amount or does not want to set up the hardware on their own, they can give such tasks to someone else. Token holders can delegate their accounts to validators (bakers), who will secure the network instead of them. The validator’s fee will be deducted when the users earn the generated rewards. Delegation in this context is essentially voting for a baker and showing that the stakeholders trust them. The amount of money a baker makes depends on the number of transactions they validate (the higher, the better). They distribute the acquired rewards to everyone that delegated their tokens to them, which is how stakeholders earn interest.

Earn Money by Staking Tezos (XTZ)

The stakeholders can earn a passive income by engaging in the Tezos network using delegations while staking. Tezos staking is beneficial because:

  • The token holders do not need to transfer ownership of their tokens when delegating their validation rights to other token holders (validators).
  • Thanks to its usage of self-amendment, Tezos can upgrade its network without the need to fork, allowing it to adapt to the regulatory and technological landscape quickly.
  • Also, as mentioned in our other articles, the usage of a PoS system allows it to be more eco-friendly.

Staking Tezos: Steps Made Easy

Step 1:Connecting the wallet

Before you can stake your cryptocurrencies, your wallet needs to be connected to the EGG platform. To do so, you should go to Homepage> Assets> DeFi Staking> and click on the “Connect Wallet” button on the upper right of the screen, or use the button below.
After clicking, choose one of the displayed wallets: Fortmatic, MetaMask, Email (Cocoricos Account), Address or ENS name, WalletConnect, Coinbase Wallet, Torus, Opera, Liquality, Frame, Authereum, Gnosis Safe, XDEFI Wallet, KeepKey. Be attentive, as different wallets require different authorization methods. For simplicity’s sake, we will use the MetaMask wallet for the explanation.
After MetaMask is selected, you will get a pop-up on the right corner of the screen with a signature request asking for confirmation to proceed. Once you click “Sign,” your wallet will be connected.

Step 2: Staking Tezos (XTZ)

Once connected, click on the “ASSETS” tab on the upper left corner of the EGG homepage, choose “DEFI STAKING”, select “Tezos,” and tap “Stake.” A small window will be displayed where you can write the amount of Tezos tokens you want to stake and see what you will receive in a year. The benefit of using the EGG platform for staking Tezos is that in the end, aside from the APY for the Tezos tokens, you also gain additional EGG tokens. After inputting the desired amount, click the “Stake” button.

Step 3: Confirmation

Lastly, a pop-up will appear once more on the right side of the screen so that you can “Confirm” the Tezos tokens for staking. While the confirmation is processed, please do not leave or refresh the page, as the process will restart, and you will have to do everything from the beginning. During the wait, a second pop-up will appear, asking to confirm the “Contract Interaction,” so your tokens are staked. The waiting time may seem long, but do not refresh or leave the page. Once you see the “Transaction Submitted” message, it means that your staking is complete.

Tezos Delegation Services: What Are They?

Delegating your baking rights is the safest and most convenient way to participate in the baking process. The stakeholders only need to send their baking rights to a delegations service, meaning the tokens will stay in the stakeholder’s wallet. Most services allow users to move their delegated coins whenever they want and usually do not impose lock-up periods. To choose the right delegation service for yourself, it is necessary to take into account the following three aspects:

Trust

Since you are delegating your baking rights to them, this means that the rewards will be sent to the baker (in this case, the delegation service). The baking reward (minus the applied fee) will then be sent to you by the provider. So, trust is essential.

Costs

All delegation services take a portion of the rewards for their services. The basic rule is that it should be about 10%. Be attentive, as the best offers are not always the best ones for you.

Overdelegation

Usually, a service will only accept a certain amount of Tezos tokens. So, if the stakeholder delegates too many, the service (and consequently the stakeholder) will be unable to secure rewards for tokens that exceed said limit.

Dictionary 

Initial Coin Offering (ICO) – teams can generate blockchain-based tokens which will be sold to early supporters

Gas – the cost needed to perform transactions on the Tezos network

Delegating – in this context, it refers to entrusting your baking rights to another baker or delegation service 

Baking – creating new blocks (can be another word for staking)

Forking – a split that happens when a change is made to the blockchain’s protocol or basic rules.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, Tezos is a self-amending crypto ledger, working on the POS system, and allowing users to transfer ownership of their tokens when delegating their validation rights. Tezos cryptocurrency name is XTZ and its smart contracts are written with the Michelson and OCaml programming languages. Staking or baking Tezos on EGG is easy and fast.